Wheat Ridge Greenbelt, Nov 2, 2019 – with Chuck Aid

Great Horned Owl (c) Jeff Jaacks

Okay, here’s the good news! Breeding season has started! Wahoo!  The probable evidence for this was seen on Saturday as we viewed a cozy pair of Great Horned Owls exhibiting some fondness for one another’s company.  Great Horned Owls can maintain their pair-bond year-round, but these two were perched so close to one another that it felt as though an even greater increased intimacy was in the air.  We also know that copulation has been observed elsewhere in Colorado as early as November (pers. com. Rob Raker), and that incubation can start in January.  December can be a great time to hear dueting males and females – the male, though about 10% smaller than the female, has the deeper hoot (listen below).  So, make sure to step outside on a brisk December night and see if you can hear anything.

Cackling and Canada Geese (c) Bill Schmoker

So, other than owls, we had some great waterbirds.  Cackling Geese, the diminutive cousin of the Canada Goose, were in abundance.  These guys breed in the far northern Arctic and then winter throughout the southern Great Plains, including eastern Colorado. They are very similar to Canada Geese, but distinguished by their smaller size (some hardly bigger than a Mallard), relatively short neck, and stubbier bill.  This is not an easy distinction to make, and I struggle with it yearly.  We, also, had eight duck species, and spent quite a bit of time working on the finer points of duck identification.

Virginia Rail (c) Bill Schmoker

A real highlight was getting to SEE both a Wilson’s Snipe and a pair of Virginia Rail.  Both of these species occur year-round in Colorado, though the rail, in particular, is uncommon in winter.  We saw the Wilson’s Snipe in flight, noting its twisting, zig-zag flight, and very long bill.  Only a few minutes later, we had two Virginia Rail pop out briefly from some dense cattails about eight feet in front of us, and then they were gone in an instant.  A third one was heard in a different spot. Pretty special to see both of these species on the same outing!

Finally, we had a good variety of songbirds.

Hope to see you on another walk soon!

Wheat Ridge Greenbelt, Nov 2, 2019
38 species

Cackling Goose  180
Canada Goose  50
Northern Shoveler  32
Gadwall  22
Mallard  35
Green-winged Teal  2
Bufflehead  14
Common Goldeneye  8
Hooded Merganser  24
Ruddy Duck  2
Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)  6
Virginia Rail  3     
American Coot  14
Wilson’s Snipe  1
Ring-billed Gull  46
Cooper’s Hawk  1
Red-tailed Hawk  1
Great Horned Owl  2
Belted Kingfisher  3
Downy Woodpecker  1
Northern Flicker  7
Blue Jay  6
Black-billed Magpie  11
American Crow  8
Common Raven  2
Black-capped Chickadee  16
White-breasted Nuthatch  3
Brown Creeper  1
European Starling  7
American Robin  2
House Finch  10
American Goldfinch  12
American Tree Sparrow  6
Dark-eyed Junco  1
White-crowned Sparrow  5
Song Sparrow  10
Spotted Towhee  2
Red-winged Blackbird  9


Hudson Gardens, Oct 26, 2019 – with Chuck Aid

Hooded Merganser (c) Bill Schmoker

Well, I think we can safely say that the eclipse plumage time of the year (when males briefly have a female-type cryptic plumage) is over and that everybody is pretty much set with their fancied-up breeding plumage for next spring.  Also, our winter ducks are starting to really roll in (fly in) now. So, who did we see on Saturday? For starters we had a good number of Gadwall – the male with his black butt and puffy head, and both sexes with the white secondaries making a little white spot on the sides when not in flight.  There were also some great American Wigeons – the male with his white (or creamy) forehead, green swoosh through the eye, black butt, and big white hip patch; the female with her smeared mascara, and both with their warm coloring on their flanks. Mallards were looking glorious – the male with his green head, white collar, brown breast, and black curly tail; the female with her orange bill with a black blob on it; and both with their white tail feathers.  Next there were a few Green-winged Teal – the male with his cinnamon head, green eye swoosh and vertical white bar on his flanks; and both male and female showing some buffy, pale yellow in the tail.  Finally, we had three Hooded Mergansers – the male with his white crest bordered in black, the two vertical black stripes on his upper breast; the female with her frosty-brown punked-out crest; and both with their bright yellow eyes.

Belted Kingfisher – female (c) Bill Schmoker

I urge you newbie birders to get out your field guides and note these characteristics that I’m pointing out, so next time you can tell me what we’re seeing.  And remember that we’ll be focusing a lot on waterfowl through the winter months because we get such a great variety here in the Denver area, including a whole slew of diving ducks, loons, and grebes.

One of our real treats on Saturday was the great look we had of a Belted Kingfisher.  We could tell it was a male, because it had the single dark gray breast-band and had no rufous coloring in the breast or flanks at all. It was noted that a good spotting scope really helps discern the finer points of these incredible birds with their shaggy crest and HUGE bill.

Bushtit – female (c) Bill Schmoker

A real highlight was the good variety of songbirds that we managed to see, a great many of them at the Hudson Gardens feeders and in that vicinity.  I recommend spending some time there sitting on one of the benches and just seeing what might show up.  I think we had thirteen species there.  If you get the chance to see the little gray Bushtits note that the male has dark eyes and the female has yellow eyes.

See you on another walk soon!

Hudson Gardens, Oct 26, 2019
28 species (+1 other taxa)

Canada Goose  3
Gadwall  19
American Wigeon  5
Mallard  42
Green-winged Teal  11
Hooded Merganser  3
Killdeer  1
Ring-billed Gull  2
Double-crested Cormorant  3
Belted Kingfisher  1
Downy Woodpecker  1
Northern Flicker  5
Black-billed Magpie  9
American Crow  1
Black-capped Chickadee  11
Bushtit  9
Ruby-crowned Kinglet  1
Red-breasted Nuthatch  1
White-breasted Nuthatch  4
European Starling  2
American Robin  5
House Finch  27
American Goldfinch  3
Dark-eyed Junco  1
Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon)  2
White-crowned Sparrow  2
Spotted Towhee  1
Red-winged Blackbird  25
Yellow-rumped Warbler  1

Barr Lake, Oct 5, 2019 – with Chuck Aid

Meredith McBurney and Wilson’s Warbler (c) Heather Davis

It was a glorious morning at the Bird Conservancy of the Rockies’ banding station at Barr Lake this past Saturday!  The Conservancy has been banding fall migratory birds here for over thirty years, and each year adds additional knowledge to what we know about these birds that pass through Colorado. We hustled out there, so didn’t really look at the few birds noted along the path.  Initially, there was a bit of a breeze blowing, so only a few nets were open, but Meredith McBurney and the banding crew did have a couple of birds they had caught.  Then, in the next half-an-hour or so, the breeze let up, the birds started moving around more, and the action got pretty good.  In fact, it was so good, and Meredith so entertaining in explaining so many aspects of what she does, that we ended up spending almost two-and-a-half hours there.

Wilson’s Warbler (c) Laurel Starr



Birds that we got see in the hand, and that some of us got to briefly hold in our hands, included: a feisty Black-capped Chickadee, a Ruby-crowned Kinglet, a couple of Dark-eyed Juncos of two subspecies – Oregon and Pink-sided, a couple of White-crowned Sparrows – subspecies “Gambel’s,” a Song Sparrow, a Lincoln’s Sparrow, an Orange-crowned Warbler, several Yellow-rumped Warblers –  all in the “Audubon’s” group, and two Wilson’s Warblers.  Each individual bird got to be looked at and discussed in detail. 


Meredith McBurney at banding station (c) Laurel Starr

For starters, let’s talk about Juncos a little bit (better get your field guides out).  Here in North America we have about fifteen Junco subspecies, some of these more closely related than others.  Seven of these groupings have recognizably different plumages.  One, the Gray-headed Junco, breeds in our mountains each summer.  They, then, stick around through the winter, and six of the other groups, which have bred further north come down to also spend the winters here, and these have just started to arrive in the last couple of weeks.  The two we saw were the Oregon and the Pink-sided.  Note how the Oregon, regardless of whether it’s a male or female does not have black lores (the area between the eye and the bill), while the Pink-sided does have black lores.  This is a really key characteristic because the duller colored individuals of both groups can otherwise look quite similar.

White-crowned Sparrow – juvenile (c) Patrick Blasco

Now, let’s take a quick look at White-crowned Sparrows.  We have two predominant subspecies here in Colorado.  The oriantha ones have black lores and breed up in the highest willow carrs and krummholz – right at timberline.  They then spend winters in the southwest US and northern Mexico. The gambelii ones breed in far northern Alaska and Canada, and many pass through Colorado in the fall on their way to winter in Oklahoma and Texas.  However, we can still have good numbers of both subspecies locally in the winter out on the eastern plains.


Orange-crowned Warbler (c) Doris Huguley

And, a bit on the warblers we saw. The orange crown of the Orange-crowned Warbler is almost never seen in the field.  However, when in the hand, it’s possible to part the feathers on the head of a male and see a small patch of orange – which is exactly what we observed. We had a good variety of Audubon’s Warblers (note that the pale throat patch is confined to the throat and does not wrap around the side of the neck, as in the Myrtle Warbler). The rumps of all the ones we saw were bright yellow – this is the only part of the bird that retains that bright breeding yellow.  The yellow patches on the flanks were quite variable depending on whether we had a male, female, or juvenile.  Our two Wilson’s Warblers were bright yellow males with black caps.

White-crowned Sparrow – juvenile (c) Heather Davis

While doing all our banding station activities we spent almost no time looking at the hundreds of birds out on Barr and its surrounding mudflats.  A few notables though were the 800 or so Western Grebes, one Stilt Sandpiper, five species of gulls – including a couple of Lesser Black-backed Gulls, and a bunch of Double-crested Cormorants and American White Pelicans.




Cassin’s Vireo (c) Heather Davis

Finally, THE BIRD OF THE DAY was one more from the banding station, a Cassin’s Vireo!  These guys breed up in the Pacific Northwest and pass through Colorado when going to and from western Mexico.  They are rare during spring migration, but we do have the opportunity to possibly see a few during fall migration.  Historically, they, the Plumbeous Vireo, and the Blue-headed Vireo were considered to be one species, the Solitary Vireo, but in 1997 they gained recognition as three separate species.  The Plumbeous Vireo is the one that we know best in Colorado as they breed in our lower mountains and western canyons.  These guys have the distinctive “Solitary Vireo” white spectacles and are virtually all gray.  The Cassin’s Vireo, on the other hand, also has the white spectacles, but it has a greenish-gray back and hood with a yellow wash on the flanks, and some yellow in the wings.

A full morning at Barr Lake will keep our heads spinning for a while.  Hope to see you on another walk soon!


Barr Lake SP, Oct 5, 2019
36 species (+5 other taxa)

Canada Goose  68
Western Grebe  500
Western/Clark’s Grebe  300
Eurasian Collared-Dove  1
American Coot  6
Killdeer  44
Stilt Sandpiper  1
Franklin’s Gull  3
Ring-billed Gull  100
California Gull  60  
Herring Gull  3
Lesser Black-backed Gull  1     

gull sp.  500
Double-crested Cormorant  300
American White Pelican  200
Great Blue Heron  8
Bald Eagle  1
Red-tailed Hawk  1
Hairy Woodpecker  1
Northern Flicker  2
Cassin’s Vireo  1   
Blue Jay  7
Black-billed Magpie  1
Black-capped Chickadee  3
Barn Swallow  180
Ruby-crowned Kinglet  1
European Starling  6
American Robin  1
House Sparrow  30
House Finch  1
Dark-eyed Junco  5
Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon)  1
Dark-eyed Junco (Pink-sided)  1
White-crowned Sparrow (Gambel’s)  2
Song Sparrow  1
Lincoln’s Sparrow  1
Orange-crowned Warbler  1
Yellow-rumped Warbler  7
Yellow-rumped Warbler (Audubon’s)  7
Wilson’s Warbler  2

Hudson Gardens, Sept 28, 2019 – with Chuck Aid

Wood Duck – juvenile male (c) Bill Schmoker

We had an incredibly entertaining start to our walk on Saturday.  This year mama Wood Duck had about eight fledglings back in July.  Last month we were thrilled to see that six of them were still around, and we were able to tell that they were all males.  We could see the characteristic bright white “bridle” that the males have on their neck and cheek, even though the rest of the outrageous male plumage hadn’t quite emerged. On Saturday we were able to see, once again, all six of this year’s juvenile males.  Not too much had changed from a month ago except that they were considerably bigger (almost adult sized), there was starting to be some color definition in the bill, their eyes were getting red, and we could see some of that wonderful deep bluish turquoise in their speculums (the secondary flight feathers). However, they also still had their white eye-rings that are characteristic of juvenile birds.

Wood Duck – female (c) Bill Schmoker

Beyond the six youngsters we also had an adult female Wood Duck (mom?), and three adult males.  These latter were all in the process of emerging from their eclipse plumage phase when the males go through a sequence of molts causing them to look more drab, like their female counterparts.  It can take them awhile to regain their full male splendor, and all three of our Saturday males had different degrees of white speckling in what will become eventually a mostly burgundy-colored breast.  Part of what was so cool about this herd of Wood Ducks is that they were all tending to hang out together foraging in the grass along with some companionable female Mallards, and they were not worried about us at all.

Killdeer (c) Bill Schmoker

As we moved over to the South Platte we saw more Mallards – the males in a mix of plumages between cryptic brown and bright breeding colors, as they, too, are emerging from their eclipse plumage. We also were fortunate to see some Killdeer and a single Spotted Sandpiper which actually will have no spots until next March at the advent of breeding season. 

Cedar Waxwing (c) Bill Schmoker

We also encountered a nice flock of Cedar Waxwings, being a mix of beautiful warm-brown adults and streaky juveniles.  In the adults some of the secondary flight feathers have bright red tips from a waxy red secretion resembling sealing wax.  Historically, Cedar Waxwings were considered uncommon breeders in Colorado, being more common during spring and fall migration and throughout the winter.  However, in more recent years the number of breeders have increased dramatically along water courses in North, Middle, and South Parks and the San Luis Valley.  The resultant increase in the Colorado population may be due to a number of factors: an increase in edge habitat which promotes the growth of fruiting trees and shrubs, the planting of non-native fruiting trees and shrubs, the planting of shelter-belts, and the ongoing increase in Russian olives.

Great Blue Heron (c) Bill Schmoker

One of the topics that came up on our walk was about those species that breed in Colorado and afterwards most of them migrate south, but there are always a few individuals that stick around throughout the winter.  We were speaking primarily of Great Blue Herons, but there are quite a few others that follow this pattern such as American Kestrel, Killdeer, Mourning Dove, Say’s Phoebe, American Robin, and Spotted Towhee.

Undoubtedly the highlight of the morning was getting to watch a juvenile Red-tailed Hawk from about twenty feet away (I kid you not!) eviscerate a cottontail.  I’m thinking that as a youngster it still may have been learning the craft of capturing its own prey, and perhaps it was so darn hungry it just did not care whether we were there or not.

Hope to see you on another walk soon!


Hudson Gardens, Sept 28, 2019
27 species

Red-tailed Hawk- juvenile (c) Bill Schmoker

Canada Goose  6
Wood Duck  10
Mallard  32
Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)  2
Broad-tailed Hummingbird  2
Killdeer  4
Spotted Sandpiper  1
Ring-billed Gull  1
Great Blue Heron  1
Turkey Vulture  1
Red-tailed Hawk  2
Downy Woodpecker  1
Northern Flicker  10
Say’s Phoebe  2
Blue Jay  8
Common Raven  1
Black-capped Chickadee  8
Red-breasted Nuthatch  2
White-breasted Nuthatch  3
European Starling  2
American Robin  4
Cedar Waxwing  20
House Finch  14
Lesser Goldfinch  1
Song Sparrow  3
Red-winged Blackbird  6
Yellow-rumped Warbler  2

Lagerman Agricultural Preserve, September 14, 2019–with Jamie Simo

Least Sandpiper in breeding plumage. Photo by Jamie Simo.

September is a great month to look for migrants and this past Saturday at Lagerman Agricultural Preserve didn’t disappoint on that count. We also welcomed our newest employee, Stephen Chang, to the FRBC team on this bird walk. Welcome, Stephen!

Baird’s Sandpiper in foreground and Least Sandpiper in background. Photo by Jamie Simo.

Unlike spring migration where birds are in a rush to find nesting territories, fall migration is a more leisurely affair, so we saw stopover species that breed farther north, Colorado breeders, and species that winter along the Front Range. In the stopover species category, we saw both Least and Baird’s Sandpipers. Least Sandpipers are the smallest shorebird species in the world and are long-distance migrants breeding in the arctic and wintering in Mexico and Central America. In addition to size, Least Sandpipers can be distinguished from the other small sandpipers classified as “peeps” by their yellow legs (the other four “peeps,” Western, Semipalmated, Baird’s, and White-rumped Sandpipers, have dark legs). In September, Least Sandpipers are still in breeding plumage and appear rusty with a couple of paler stripes down the back.

Baird’s Sandpipers are also long-distance migrants that breed in the arctic, although they travel even farther in winter than Least Sandpipers and fly all the way down to Chile and Argentina. Perhaps because of this they have long wings that extend slightly past their tails. They tend to look somewhat “scaly-backed,” especially juveniles, with dark-centered feathers on their backs edged with a paler tan. Their breasts are also tan with pale striping that doesn’t extend onto the clean white of their bellies and flanks.

Male Brewer’s Blackbird. Photo by Jamie Simo.

For species breeding in Colorado, we saw a number of Brewer’s Blackbirds. Brewer’s Blackbirds are often found in agricultural areas. Males are an iridescent black with a pale eye. The pale eye, lack of red shoulder patches, and thinner bill, distinguish them from the similar male Red-winged Blackbird. Female Brewer’s Blackbirds are brown with a dark eye and can be distinguished from the similar female Brown-headed Cowbird by being darker, larger, and having a thinner bill.

Finally, we were fortunate to see the first vanguard of several species that winter in our area, including the Ring-necked Duck. Despite being named for the ring around their neck, which is usually only visible at close range, Ring-necked Ducks have grey bills tipped with black and ringed with a band of white. Both males and females have peaked heads. Females are brown with a darker brown “saddle” on their backs and a white patch near the base of the bill. In non-breeding plumage, males can be picked out from females by their dark breasts, darker heads, and yellow eyes.

Male and female non-breeding Ring-necked Ducks next to American Coot. Photo by Jamie Simo.

In all, we saw 28 species. Join us next month at our Boulder location when we check out Barr Lake State Park and visit Bird Conservancy of the Rockies’ banding station.

Lagerman Agricultural Preserve, Sep 14, 2019
28 species (+1 other taxa)

Canada Goose 16
Blue-winged Teal 4
Cinnamon Teal 1
American Wigeon 24
Mallard 6
Green-winged Teal 2
Redhead 3
Ring-necked Duck 3
Ruddy Duck 3
Pied-billed Grebe 5
American Coot 12
Killdeer 6
Baird’s Sandpiper 4
Least Sandpiper 2
Short-billed/Longbilled Dowitcher 7
Ring-billed Gull 57
Double-crested Cormorant 13
American White Pelican 2
Great Blue Heron 2
Turkey Vulture 2
Osprey 1
American Kestrel 2
Say’s Phoebe 2
Barn Swallow 11
Lesser Goldfinch 3
American Goldfinch 2
Vesper Sparrow 4
Western Meadowlark 4
Brewer’s Blackbird 6



Harriman Lake, Sep 7, 2019 – with Chuck Aid

Brewer’s Sparrow (c) Rob Raker

Harriman Lake always seems to have something to offer!  Saturday the focus was on migrant birds.  To talk about our first bird we need to start by learning a bit about four species of little sparrows that belong to the genus Spizella.  We have about thirty species of sparrows (AKA Little Brown Jobs) that can show up in Colorado.  Among these are the Spizellas, which includes Field Sparrows, Brewer’s Sparrows, Clay-colored Sparrows, and Chipping Sparrows.  American Tree Sparrows used to belong to this group, but they have recently been moved to their own monotypic genus.  Of the other four species we can ignore Field Sparrow as it only occurs rarely in far eastern Colorado.  So, that leaves us with three species. 



Brewer’s Sparrow (c) Rob Raker

Two of these, Brewer’s and Chipping Sparrow, breed in Colorado, and Clay-colored breeds just a bit farther north.  However, all three species migrate through Colorado, and the fall-plumaged birds can be particularly challenging.  I won’t dwell on this too much further, as this is a tough area even for advanced birders. For now, just know that we saw some Brewer’s Sparrows on Saturday, and we identified them as such because of their small size (smallest NA sparrow), long tail, small bill, COMPLETE WHITE EYE-RING, and STREAKED NAPE.  I encourage you to take a quick look at these birds in your field-guide and begin to challenge yourself with this tough realm of sparrow identification.


American Wigeon – female (c) Bill Schmoker

Moving on to the ducks.  Our summer ducks in the Denver area are primarily Mallards, the three teal species, and an occasional Wood Duck.  As we move into fall we start picking up migrants as well as other ducks that may over-winter here, eventually having about twenty duck species in the area.  On Saturday we saw evidence of this as we found Gadwall, American Wigeon, Redhead, Ring-necked Duck, and Ruddy Duck. We are also right in the midst of fall shorebird migration, and we can get up to about thirty-five species passing through Colorado. On Saturday we got great looks at one shorebird, a Spotted Sandpiper. 

Pied-billed Grebe – juvenile (c) Rick Leinen

Also, of interest is the ongoing high numbers we had for Pied-billed Grebes and American Coots, as well as the number of juvenile birds we saw for both species.  Adult Pied-billed Grebes are notable for their white bill with a black band, and juveniles have a strikingly striped head. Adult American Coots are very dark, slate-gray (almost black) with white bills.  Juveniles are a dull light gray with a gray bill.  These guys will both be around through the winter, but their numbers will be dropping by the beginning of November as some of them retreat south.

Finally, Great Horned Owls nested once again at Harriman, and we got to see one ensconced among some dense cottonwood branches.

Hope to see you on our next walk!

Harriman Lake, Sep 7, 2019
28 species (+1 other taxa)

Spotted Sandpiper (c) Rick Leinen

Gadwall  18
American Wigeon  2
Mallard  23
Redhead  7
Ring-necked Duck  1
Ruddy Duck  2
Pied-billed Grebe  17
Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)  2
Mourning Dove  5
Broad-tailed Hummingbird  1
hummingbird sp.  1
American Coot  31
Spotted Sandpiper  1
Double-crested Cormorant  4
Great Blue Heron  1
Turkey Vulture  1
Red-tailed Hawk  2
Great Horned Owl  1
Northern Flicker  4
American Kestrel  1
Blue Jay  2
American Crow  3
Barn Swallow  4
House Wren  1
European Starling  1
House Finch  6
Brewer’s Sparrow  3
Lark Sparrow  1
Red-winged Blackbird  17

Hudson Gardens, Aug 31, 2019 – with Chuck Aid

Back-caped Chickadee (c) Bill Schmoker

Saturday was the day of the Black-capped Chickadees.  As we left the welcome center we immediately were surrounded by a little group consistently calling to one another.  Now that breeding season is pretty much over with just a few ragtag juvenile birds still harassing their parents for a hand-out (or beak-out), the time for singing is pretty much past.  We only heard the distinctive, pure two-note whistled “feebee” a couple of times.  Mostly we heard the “chickadee-dee-dee” calls or abbreviated variations.  There is one additional call that Black-capped Chickadees make which I wanted to call to your attention, and we heard it a lot on Saturday.  It’s a relatively quiet contact call that the chickadees use to stay in touch with one another.

One other cool bird that showed up with the chickadees was a Red-breasted Nuthatch.  These guys are primarily found in coniferous forests up in the mountains, but in the fall and winter a few will move down into the conifers that have been planted in parks and residential areas.  It was singing consistently doing its rather monotonous “red-red-red-red” series (both recordings (c) xeno-canto.org).

Wood Duck – juvenile male (c) Bill Schmoker

Once again, this summer Wood Ducks successfully fledged young on the pond immediately below the welcome center, and we were able to get good looks at six juveniles, all of whom were apparently males.  We’re right on that cusp when juvenile Wood Ducks are starting to take on some of the plumage attributes of adult birds, and all of our birds had the beginnings of the bright white “bridle” so distinctive in the males – finger-like extensions from the white throat on to the cheek and neck.  However, our birds also had bright white rings around their eyes, an attribute of their appearance as youngsters.

Snowy Egret (c) Bill Schmoker

Moving on down to the South Platte we saw scores of Mallards.  The males were all clearly still in eclipse plumage – that time of year when male plumage is very like female – and the only way to tell who were the boys and who were the girls was to look at the bill color – males = yellow-green and females = orange with black splotchiness.  The only other duck we saw was a single female Gadwall.  A reminder to you all, that as fall migration really gets cranking we could see over ten species of ducks on one of our Hudson hikes, and some of our Front Range Birding Walks on the first Saturday of each month will target areas where we could get over fifteen species.

Black-crowned Night-Heron (c) Bill Schmoker

Finally, shorebird migration through eastern Colorado is at its peak right now, with over twenty species generally recorded each year.  We were fortunate on Saturday to see a Spotted Sandpiper (white in front of the wing, and with an obvious bobbing motion) and a Solitary Sandpiper (white “spectacles,” and relatively dark back).

Good Birding!





Hudson Gardens, Aug 31, 2019
28 species

Canada Goose  13
Wood Duck  6
Gadwall  1
Mallard  48
Rock Pigeon  2
Broad-tailed Hummingbird  1
Spotted Sandpiper  1
Solitary Sandpiper  1
Ring-billed Gull  53
Great Blue Heron  1
Snowy Egret  2
Black-crowned Night-Heron  1
Red-tailed Hawk  1
Belted Kingfisher  1
Downy Woodpecker  1
Northern Flicker  5
Blue Jay  1
Black-billed Magpie  1
American Crow  3
Black-capped Chickadee  24
Barn Swallow  2
Red-breasted Nuthatch  1
White-breasted Nuthatch  1
House Wren  3
American Robin  2
House Finch  20
American Goldfinch  7
Yellow Warbler  1

Betasso Preserve, August 10, 2019

Western Wood-Pewee. Photo by Jamie Simo.

We started our walk at Betasso Preserve under cloudy skies, which fortunately kept things a little cooler for our 3 mile trek along the Canyon Loop than they otherwise could’ve been this time of year. Betasso Preserve is ideal for hiking and birding on Wednesdays and Saturdays when the trail is closed to mountain bikers. The rest of the week, it’s strongly advised that you walk or jog the opposite direction from bikers so that you’re able to see each other coming. Right now, road work is progressing on Boulder Canyon Drive Monday through Thursday with delays and a full closure of the road between 10am and 2pm those days, so plan accordingly.

It being nearly mid-August and with migration ramping up, things were quieter than they’d been just two weeks earlier, but we were immediately greeted by Violet-green Swallows chattering and soaring over the parking lot. These swallows are ubiquitous in the foothills in spring and summer where they nest in old woodpecker holes in open forest. Western Wood-Pewees were everywhere as we walked, filling the hush with their querulous “pee-r” calls. This unassuming flycatcher is a greyish-brown with a slight peaked crown that tends to perch out in the open on the tops of conifers or on dead branches.

Male Red Crossbill. Photo by Ashley Wahlberg (Tubbs). https://flic.kr/p/qB8fhe

Particularly exciting were the small, roving flocks of Red Crossbills that seemed to follow us around the loop. These large finches are named for their distinctive crossed bills that help them easily lever open pine, fir, and spruce cones to get to the seeds inside. Males are a rosy red like a more decorative House Finch, while females are a greenish-yellow. While we at first were only able to hear the crossbills’ chirping, we finally got some great looks at a cooperative male perched atop a Ponderosa pine near the trail.

Townsend’s Solitaire. Photo by Jamie Simo.

In one small hollow a male Broad-tailed Hummingbird treated us to his his mating display. To impress females, male Broad-tails will climb high into the air and then dive, pulling up abruptly to form a rough J shape. No female was visible so perhaps he was just practicing for next year. Other highlights of the walk were a couple of Warbling Vireos and two silent Plumbeous Vireos (plumbeous referring to the lead grey color of the bird). Close to the end of the trail we also ran across a seemingly-young Townsend’s Solitaire, a member of the thrush family and cousin of the American Robin that can often be found defending territories rich in juniper berries in the winter.

In all, we heard or saw 26 taxa; pretty good for this time of year in the foothills! 

Betasso Preserve, August 10, 2019
25 Species (+1 additional taxa)
7 Broad-tailed Hummingbird 
3 hummingbird sp. 
2 Turkey Vulture 
5 Northern Flicker
17 Western Wood-Pewee 
2 Plumbeous Vireo 
2 Warbling Vireo
4 Steller’s Jay
5 American Crow 
4 Black-capped Chickadee 
8 Mountain Chickadee 
15 Violet-green Swallow
3 Red-breasted Nuthatch
2 White-breasted Nuthatch (Interior West)
14 Pygmy Nuthatch
3 House Wren 
8 Western Bluebird
1 Townsend’s Solitaire
1 American Robin 
3 House Finch
10 Red Crossbill
8 Pine Siskin 
2 Lesser Goldfinch 
6 Chipping Sparrow 
1 Yellow-rumped Warbler (Audubon’s)

Beaver Ranch, Aug 3, 2019 – with Chuck Aid

Mountain Chickadee (c) Bill Schmoker

Beaver Ranch is a new location for our Front Range Birding Company bird walks.  It is located just off US 285 a bit southwest of Conifer (about 25 minutes from the store) and is operated and managed by a local non-profit in agreement with Jeffco Open Space.  It provides cabin rentals, camping sites, a disc golf course, multiple ziplines, and occasional weddings are held there.  So, it can potentially be a bit of a zoo on a summer Saturday morning. However, we are quickly learning how to find some of its quieter corners, and it has excellent habitat for birds.

Downy Woodpecker (c) Bill Schmoker – note the black spots in the outer tail feathers, also the faint red spotting on the crown = juvenile.

Our first hot spot of the day was out in open montane grassland between a dense willow carr and a few scattered Ponderosa.  The grassy area was punctuated with some dense stands of purple-headed thistles which were proving very attractive to a beautiful male Lesser Goldfinch and a Downy Woodpecker.  It was difficult to get a good look at the Downy, which had the dark shoulders of the interior west subspecies (eastern Downys, which are the ones generally seen in Denver, have more white spotting on the shoulders).  Verification that the bird was a Downy was quickly obtained by noting the black spots on the outer tail feathers.  The very similar, but larger, Hairy Woodpecker lacks those spots. 

Red-naped Sapsucker (c) Bill Schmoker

In this same vicinity, while we were noting the Violet-green Swallows, Broad-tailed Hummingbirds, Song Sparrows, and Lincoln’s Sparrows, we saw a woodpecker fly into a nearby Ponderosa. A quick look with the binocs noted the long, white wing-patch characteristic of a sapsucker.  However, our bird was a juvenile (as were many birds on Saturday), and it took us awhile to determine that we had a Red-naped Sapsucker and not a Williamson’s.  The only red coloring noted was in the chin area, the rest of the head being rather uniformly dark with a faint white mustache stripe.  There was extensive white-and-black mottling in the back, and a patch of yellow on the belly.  We got to see none of the characteristic red, black, and white head stripes that we associate with Red-naped Sapsuckers, and we had to remind ourselves that until 1983 the Red-naped was lumped with the eastern Yellow-bellied Sapsucker as a single species, so yes it would have some yellow on its belly.  It was great getting to walk ourselves through the process of identification, and to be able to come out eventually with an ID that we felt comfortable with.

Evening Grosbeak (c) Bill Schmoker

Continuing on our way we had a good time sorting through the Mountain Chickadees, all three nuthatch species, the numerous juvenile Gray-headed (Dark-eyed) Juncos with their nondescript spotted plumage, and a male Western Tanager.  We eventually wended our way to our second hotspot of the day – a coniferous riparian area with great willows along a small stream.  We just stood there and couldn’t take it all in fast enough. The prize was getting wonderful long looks at a juvenile Evening Grosbeak – appearing rather doofy – and being fed by dad.  But in the same small area we had both species of chickadees, Red-breasted and White-breasted Nuthatches, a Brown Creeper, a Yellow-rumped Warble, and a couple of Ruby-crowned Kinglets.  What fun!

Lark Sparrow (c) Bill Schmoker

So, then, we got back to our cars, thinking we were done, but in those final minutes we still got to see another Red-naped Sapsucker, a Barn Swallow, a Cliff Swallow, two Lark Sparrows, and a Brown-headed Cowbird.  A great way to round out our morning!

See you on another walk soon!


Beaver Ranch, Aug 3, 2019
35 species

Broad-tailed Hummingbird  12
Turkey Vulture  5
Red-tailed Hawk  2
Red-naped Sapsucker  2
Downy Woodpecker  6
Hairy Woodpecker (Rocky Mts.)  1
Northern Flicker (Red-shafted)  1
Cordilleran Flycatcher  4
Steller’s Jay (Interior)  1
Common Raven  5
Violet-green Swallow  10
Barn Swallow  1
Cliff Swallow  1
Black-capped Chickadee  5
Mountain Chickadee  18
Red-breasted Nuthatch  6
White-breasted Nuthatch  9
Pygmy Nuthatch  25
Brown Creeper  1
Ruby-crowned Kinglet  2
Mountain Bluebird  5
Townsend’s Solitaire  1
American Robin  2
Evening Grosbeak  3
Red Crossbill  5
Pine Siskin  4
Lesser Goldfinch  2
Lark Sparrow  2
Dark-eyed Junco (Gray-headed)  14
Song Sparrow  7
Lincoln’s Sparrow  3
Red-winged Blackbird  8
Brown-headed Cowbird  1
Yellow-rumped Warbler  2
Western Tanager  1


Hudson Gardens, July 27, 2019 – with Chuck Aid

Black-crowned Night-Heron (c) Bill Schmoker

So one of the first things to happen Saturday morning was that a Great Blue Heron flew in and landed in the branches of a cottonwood tree right beside us just as we were being surrounded by a family of loquacious Black-capped Chickadees.  And, then, we got to our first pond and got to see a beautiful adult Black-crowned Night-Heron with four juvenile Wood Ducks right beside it. It turns out that Tom Bush, owner of the Front Range Birding Company, later that same day saw six juvenile Wood Ducks hanging out with mom Wood Duck right in the same area.

Female Mallard (c) Bill Schmoker

The South Platte was moving along at a good clip, and the only waterfowl were a smattering of Mallards.  The males are totally in their eclipse plumage and best identified by their yellowish bill, as opposed to the female’s orange and black bill.  Song Sparrows along the river were singing in a number of places.

Chipping Sparrow (c) Bill Schmoker

Moving to the west side of the river we got to hear the ongoing screechy begging call of a nestling, (or juvenile) Red-tailed Hawk, and we saw one adult perched on a powerline pole.  Remember that the adult has the “red” (actually rust-colored) tail, and juveniles have dark and light banded tails with no red. In the same area we had a good sized flock of Chipping Sparrows, evidently prepping for the voyage south.

Juvenile Red-tail begging (c) Xeno-Canto:

Double-crested Cormorant (c) Bill Schmoker

So, what didn’t we see?  The sixty or so Cliff Swallows of a month ago were entirely gone from the Bowles Avenue bridge, as, for the most part, were the ubiquitous Yellow Warblers from all the cottonwoods in the area. We encountered no nuthatches, and only one Bullock’s Oriole.  There were no gulls flying by overhead, and no crows.  So, as we can expect with birds, nothing stays the same for very long.

Good Birding!

Hudson Gardens, July 27, 2019
26 species (+1 other taxa)

Canada Goose  9
Wood Duck  4
Mallard  9
Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)  4
Mourning Dove  3
Broad-tailed Hummingbird  3
hummingbird sp.  1
Double-crested Cormorant  2
Great Blue Heron  2
Black-crowned Night-Heron  1
Red-tailed Hawk  1
Belted Kingfisher  1
Northern Flicker  18
Say’s Phoebe  1
Blue Jay  1
Black-billed Magpie  2
Black-capped Chickadee  12
American Robin  3
House Finch  17
Lesser Goldfinch  1
American Goldfinch  7
Chipping Sparrow  14
Song Sparrow  5
Bullock’s Oriole  1
Red-winged Blackbird  6
Brown-headed Cowbird  1
Yellow Warbler  1